### Times Table Tricks

*These are tricks and skills to help students master learning their times tables. Teachers can use these when learning certain groups of times tables as a class. These tricks will make teaching the harder times tables easier.*

**Ones**

When multiplying by 1, the number of the other multiple is the answer. For example, 1×5=5. 1×9=9.

**Twos**

When you multiply a number by two, you just double that number.

**Threes **

When multiplying by 3, add the number three times. That is 6 x 3 = 6 + 6 + 6 = 18. This might take a bit too long, although with practice, you start memorising the answers.

**Fours**

If you know how to double a number, this one is easy. Simply, double a number and then double it again.

**Fives**

The last digit is always going to be 5,0,5,0 or you can use this method. Take the number you are multiplying by 5 and multiply it by 10. Then, if you halve your number, you will have your answer. For example: 9×5 =45 so 9×10 = 90 and 90/2 = 45.

**Sixes**

When you multiply 6 by an even number, they both end in the same digit. Example: 6×2=12, 6×4=24, 6×6=36. Or you can use the double method. If you know your three times tables, simply double the answer and it will give you your six times tables.

**Sevens**

** **Firstly, the hardest multiplication is 7 x 8 – I like to remember this as 5 6 7 8 – 56 is 7 x 8. Otherwise, the 7 times table can be derived from the 4 times table plus the 3 times table. For example: 7 x 8 is the same as 4 x 8 = 32 added to 3 x 8 = 24, giving an answer of 56.

**Eights**

Here is a simple step to help solve your eights. Take any number and double it. Then double the answer again. Now double the answer again. For example 4 x 4 =16, so double 4 = 8, then double 8 = 16.

**Nines**

Hold your hands in front of you with your fingers spread out. For 9 x 3, bend your third finger down. (9 x 4 would be the fourth finger, etc.) You have 2 fingers in front of the bent finger and 7 after the bent finger. Thus, the answer must be 27. This technique works for the 9 times tables up to 10.

**Tens**

If you want to multiply something by 10, just add a zero on to the number you are multiplying. For example: 10 x 8 = 80 or 10 x 11 = 110. Try it with any number; it’s just too easy.

**Elevens**

Take any number to 10 and multiply it by 11. Multiply 11 by 3 to get 33, multiply 11 by 4 to get 44. Each number to 10 is duplicated.

**Twelves**

The twelves can be multiplied a number of different ways. Here is a simple way to learn. Multiply by 10 and multiply by 2, and then add the two results to get your answer. For example: 12 x 3 can be calculated by working out 10 x 3, which is 30 and adding 2 x 3, which is 6. This gives 36.12 x 4 can be calculated by working out 10 x 4, which is 40 and adding 2 x 4, which is 8. This gives 48.